In around 2000 B.C., the ancient Chinese raised carp in ponds for food. The successful breeding of this species produced color mutations that gave birth to red, orange, and yellow colored fish. Instead of eating these fish, they spared them and moved them to smaller containers for display. Freshwater aquarium history dates back to ancient times and was started by early civilizations. 1. Ancient civilizations kept fish in artificial ponds for food. In time, they have seen the beauty of some species of fish and began to keep them for amusement. This is what the Romans did when they kept sea barbels in marble tanks and put them under the bed of guests. Freshwater aquarium history has started since then and now, the aquarium hobby is being enjoyed by millions of people in the whole world
In 1841, Dr. Nathaniel Bagshaw Ward used his Wardian case for tropical animals where he kept toy fish and aquatic plants. The glazed case was originally used in his experiment on ferns. It was also used to transfer ferns and grasses from England to Australia and became the forerunner of the terrarium.
The basic concept and design of the Wardian case became the inspiration for the present day aquarium. Botanists and biologists started the idea of keeping plants and animals in an enclosure for the purpose of observing them indoors whenever they want. Anna Thynne of London created the first balanced marine aquarium when for almost three years; she maintained stony corals and seaweed.