Your Guide To Buying The Right Home Appliance

Home appliances are a necessity for every household. They do not only make life easier inside but they also have the ability to enhance the look of your home depending on their style. Buying an appliance is not as easy as buying a lamp or a rag. It entails a huge amount of money to be spent and it could not be returned at once every time you find something is wrong about them. Even if you are just shopping for Belling Spares, you actually need to make sure you land on the right store.

Consumer reports can be very useful in knowing which appliance to choose. These contain not only the level of satisfaction of customers who bought the appliance but also the comments by which you can base your decision. Some consumer reports even get into the detail of discussing the pros and cons of the product or device. You can also take a fare share on tips regarding their use and maintenance. Before heading to the store or clicking on the BUY button, you should spend a little time to read what others have to say.

When you already know what you want, you can proceed to buying your Belling Spares and other necessities. You have to consider space inside your house. What appliance size can best fit in? Space is a special consideration especially if you are geared to buying more. The arrangement of your appliances will lead to the better look of your kitchen or of your dining area. Make sure the color and style suits the overall theme of where you live.

Look for the Seal of approval that indicates your appliance has passed the requirements for energy efficiency and safety. You should make sure that they are made out of quality standards and will not pose threat to you and your family. Electrical safety is something to primarily consider if you want to make the most out of your purchase.

Finally, know the manufacturer and the dealer. These are two institutions you should not neglect to make sure you are taking something worth your hard-earned cash. Whether you are looking for a huge appliance or just Belling spares, you should make sure you buy them from a reputable name. The company usually dictates the quality of the appliance you pay for.

Londons Dirtiest Buildings

An energy survey that carried out recently on several public buildings in and around London shows that Buckingham Palace is the least energy efficient of them all. The palace which was built in 1820 and was first ever occupied by Queen Victoria received the worst possible green score of 0 out of 10 when a team of energy surveyors carried out a survey of the palace following Januarys big freeze.

The surveyors was carried out by using thermal image testing to find out where the building was leaking energy. However, despite these tests being carried out in total darkness, the palace still lit up due to the amount of heat that was escaping from the building. The major culprits for this big loss of energy were the windows, the roof and even cracks in the wall. According to the surveying team, it appears that Buckingham Palace is better at heating the air outside than inside.

Furthermore, the latest Royal Household Financial Report that was carried out in 2008 showed that 5.9 million were spent on running Buckingham Palace, of which 2.2 million were spent on utility bills. However, according to the energy saving expert Ivan Lucas, the construction of Buckingham Palace does not lend itself to easily turning it into an eco-home.

However, there a few quick fixes that can be carried out in order to help Buckingham Palace save energy. These include replacing the single pane windows by brand new double glazing windows, because despite the thick curtains, a lot of

heat is still escaping the building.
Other repairs that can be carried to improve Buckingham Palaces energy efficiency include installing insulation panels to the outside as well as the inside of the property in order to minimize heat loss.

Carrying out these types of repairs will contribute to relieving the building industry that was very hardly hit by the recession. It would enable many companies to save jobs and train their staff in using energy saving materials.

According to energy saving experts, Buckingham Palace was not the only offender. Many other official or public buildings such as the MPs office building of Portcullis House in London and MI6 header quarters in Vauxhall were also part of the main offenders. Whats more, this happened despite the government recently launching a multimillion scheme that would lead to British households slashing their energy emissions by 50 percent by 2050.

In the light of the results of the surveys that were carried on many public buildings throughout, it transpires that the government is not setting a good example when it comes to reducing carbon emissions, and this despite multi-million schemes that aim at saving more energy.

Saving Money Through Texas Energy Efficiency Investments

As one of the fastest growing states in the US, Texas is challenged with increasing its productivity and it can do this by increasing investments in energy efficiency initiatives that can save both residential and commercial users of Texas electricity literally billions of dollars over the next two decades. Seems like an impossible task? According to the American Council for the Energy-Efficient Economy or ACEEE, such proposition is not only possible but completely doable.

In a recent study conducted by the ACEEE called Energy Efficiency Investments as an Economic Productivity Strategy for Texas, energy efficiency programs in the state could reduce Texas electricity consumption by up to 30% by the year 2030, creating savings for electricity users of up to $14 billion within that period. Not only that, energy efficiency initiatives in the state will also boost employment by creating up to 47,000 jobs each year until the projected period of 2030.

The 30% projected reduction in Texas electricity consumption was based on targets set by the Public Utility Commission of Texas (PUCT) for energy efficiency improvements. Also taken into consideration are the estimates made by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) which handles the energy deregulated areas in the state. However, these projected figures will only be achieved with the expansion of current energy efficiency investments which spans all sectors including commercial, industrial and residential area.

Energy Efficiency Initiatives in Texas

According to the ACEEE study, to meet the growing demands for Texas electricity, the state would have to invest about 6 to 10 cents per kilowatt-hour on new electric generating plants. Energy efficiency provides a better alternative however, as the cost of investments to achieve a 30% gain in efficiency will only cost the state less than 4 cents per kilowatt-hour.

For years, energy efficiency programs to reduce electricity consumption in the state have already benefitted Texas residents and businesses as evident in their reduced energy bills. Between 2009 and 2011, the state already benefitted up to $1.5 billion in savings from these energy efficiency programs, which also created up to 12,000 jobs during this same period and reduced emissions by as much as 413 tons per year. By expanding these energy efficiency initiatives, the state will most likely hit its targets by the year 2030.

Texas schools have also benefitted from energy efficiency programs which involved easy investments. A school district with at least 4,000 students can realize savings by as much as $1.6 million in ten years or basically $160,000 savings each year from their Texas electricity bills. Most of the investment funds came from the Texas Loan STAR program for energy efficiency.

City governments have also taken initiatives in reducing energy consumption in their respective areas. In Houston, energy efficiency projects include the use of energy efficient LED traffic lights that would save as much as 85% more Houston electricity than traditional incandescent lamps. Aside from the cost savings, the use of energy efficient lamps also reduces carbon emissions, requires less maintenance and improves overall visibility for each traffic light.

In an energy deregulated Texas electricity market, consumers have the power to select their energy options and apply for grants that would finance their energy efficiency upgrades that would save thousands of dollars from their electricity bills each year. These are basically great investments that would help ensure a clean and sustainable future for all.

Top 7 Tips to Consider Before you Buy Cooling Appliance

You can tailor your home environment with desired heating and cooling appliances. Market offers you a number of cooling appliances such as electric fans, omega fans, etc. If you are hoping to cool down certain rooms of your house then you can buy air conditioner for the same.You can check out several options of cooling appliances offered by several online stores. If you are busy person, then you can refer to various websites to buy cooling appliance or air conditioner online.You can also take a trip to nearby stores to buy electric fan or to buy air con.

There is increased demand seen for most of the cooling appliances with the approach of summer season. When looking for cooling units, you should keep air conditioner on top priority. As these systems are very effective and provide cooling to rooms of your house. By surfing websites on Internet, you will come to know about websites and portals that let customers buy air con or buy electric fans at affordable rate and at great discounts too! By conducting an online search, you will come across various options offered by various websites and online portals. Also, you can compare the cost among various websites to get the best deal.

If you have tight budget, then still there is no problem as you can opt for electric fans or omega fans that also function very well to maintain cool temperature for the rooms of your house. Before buying air conditioners online, make sure that you have studied about features and functionality. Make sure that the equipment you choose repurchases your needs and suits your budget as well. Going for expensive ones just for style statement is not feasible option, when you can purchase air conditioner online at inexpensive rates. It is advisable to buy air con of leading brand which offers quality assurance and warranty period as well.

Following are some tips which should be considered before you buy cooling appliance:-

Determine whether the equipment suits your need.
Select a particular place in the house where you will install the equipment.
Conduct an online study to acquire knowledge about different brands and their distinguished set of features.
Consider current prices of the equipment in the market.
Collect all the essential details regarding the equipment that you desire to purchase.
Check the energy efficiency level of the equipment and know about its installation process or whether you have to make payment for installation process done by experts.
Compare the benefits offered by the equipment with its cost.

The best thing about online shopping is that not only does it saves you much time but also avoids hassles for you. Sitting in the comfort zone of your home, you can select your desired appliance and order for it with few clicks of your mouse.

Want to know more about cooling appliances? Then you can surf various websites on Internet to gain knowledge about electric fans, omega fans, air conditioners, etc. in more depth.

Get Datacenter Energy Efficiency Easily

Presently the organizations have been aiming at efficient ways and procedures to attain more with less, reducing IT expenses and even minimize the incidental costs associated with data center growth and expansion. In today’s competitive market scenario data center managers need to focus on establishing effective operating environments to support the life of the existing data centers. There are numerous ways in which companies can attain data center efficiency and is inclusive of setting up a cold aisle containment system, efficient utilization of outside air and maximize compute densities. The main component however is to maintain a comprehensive metric system to evaluate how efficient is the data center and what are the efficiency enhancements that have been created.

How to estimate data center energy efficiency?
PUE, i.e. power usage effectiveness is one of the most common metrics used for calculating data center energy efficiency. It is calculated by taking into account the overall power consumption of the data center facility and then dividing it by the power consumed by the devices. The ratio that you arrive at is the effective power overhead for a single IT unit load. Most data center managers today are expected to find out ways to reduce the PUE so that the data centers can find a better way to expand.

A better way to expand is by partnering with a data center solution provider that will free organizations from all the worries of establishing and maintaining critical mission IT architecture. Advanced data center today fulfill all the needs for cloud computing services, shared hosting services, dedicated hosting services, collocation services and other security and firewall solutions. In addition to that, the organizations remain secure and well supported 24 x 7 with advanced facilities and industry leading SLAS.

Furthermore, these solution providers offer you the various ways to bring about a change and enhancement in data center energy efficiency. Two essential ways are:-

Minimizing the power that is used for the support infrastructure
Minimizing losses within the power system

By following the above mentioned ways you can ensure greater power entering the data center thereby improving its energy efficiency and reducing the PUE. At the same time, it is critical for an organization to bring down the power system losses and the power utilized for supporting infrastructure. Concurrently, it is also apparent that the mass power consumption in the data center gets transferred to the IT load. If an organization can bring down the IT load then it can naturally reduce the overall power required in the data center.

Budweiser Makes Strides In Reducing Water Consumption

Ask any beer lover and you’ll learn that water is an essential ingredient of beer there’s simply no replacement for it. However, water is also one of the most important substances on the planet and finding ways to conserve water is vital. Many areas of the globe suffer from water shortages, and many companies have stepped up to help curb water waste.

Budweiser (through parent company InBev) has actually reduced the amount of water used in their brewing operations by 6%. This comes on the heels of last year’s announcement, in which the company stated that they had reduced water consumption by 8.5% – a total of 14.5% in just two years.

The company has announced their goal is a complete reduction of water use by 18.6% by 2012, and they certainly seem to be on track with this. That would put InBev at 3.5 hectoliters of water per hectoliter of beer production.

Many of the company’s breweries are already at their 2012 goal, or very close to it. InBev’s most efficient plant is located in Cartersville, Georgia, where the goal has already been met. Their brewery in Germany is also already operating at their 2012 efficiency rating, and their Chinese brewery is set to achieve that goal later in 2011.

Reducing water usage and waste during the brewing process requires that InBev take several steps. For instance, they have created awareness campaigns to help improve employee awareness of the global water situation, as well as investing in higher efficiency equipment, such as narrow-nozzle bottle washers, improved startup/shutdown procedures and several other key areas.

InBev’s water plan is only one part of their “Better World” campaign. This campaign is designed to reduce water consumption, reduce emissions and improve energy use by 10% in 2012. Carbon emissions are also slated to be reduced by 2012, and the company has stated that their goal is to have a 99% recycling rate throughout the entire company, as well.

While InBev is certainly not the only brewery in the world that has made a concerted effort to improve the planet and increase sustainability, they have been one of the most successful. One of their competitors, MillerCoors failed to meet their own water use goals, and other companies have only made a minimal effort here. Of course, InBev is not the “greenest” brewery in the world that title goes to several microbreweries, but they are one of the greenest major breweries and have set an example for the industry.

Poto Cervesia,
Dustin Canestorp

Phase Transformers – Understanding The Components

phase transformers let us to utilize a wide assortment of appliances, equipment, tools, gadgets and everything that operates on electrical power. Transformers have enormously enhanced our capability to work with different electrical machines and domestic devices. They convert voltages and frequencies into the necessary amounts, which tends to make electrical power safer to manage. Without transformers serving as mediums, electrical energy delivered into our houses and businesses would not be doable and some appliances may not even exist. You can find several varieties of transformers that may be purchased at local electric shops and appliance centers, like low voltage transformers, AC transformers, custom transformers and the rest. One specific kind of transformer that proves to be fascinating is the 3 Phase transformer. It is not simply an AC or DC transformer, but one where the three phases clearly makes this type one of the most complicated ones.

A 3 phase transformer is often a transformer that’s normally utilized in energy distribution systems. These are the larger and bulkier transformers usually identified in electrical power producing corporations that are arranged in columns or groups. These transformers facilitate the transport of energy through the electrical distribution systems. In this kind of transformer, there are 3 sets of primary and secondary coils, wrapped around every single leg of a predefined iron core. You can find a number of combinations that can be made from these three sets of coils that are defined by the requirement for larger voltage or for higher reliability. The structure of the 3 units of coils is governed by the idea of appropriate phase relationships between the phase windings. Any such transformer is a lot more difficult than a straightforward DC transformer or an AC transformer in single phase due to the possibility of combinations and how it operates.

A 3 phase transformer has its very own positive aspects. The combinations supplied by any such transformer supply increased efficiency, which can utilize either multiple voltages or greater reliability. These transformers are simplified versions and better alternatives than making use of single-phase transformers linked together and carrying out the job of scaling down or scaling up voltages typical of that found in 3 phase devices. This type of transformer only needs a smaller variety of components, smaller in sizes and ones that are lighter than their modular alternatives. The configuration of the transformer with 3 phases, in reality, gives better reliability simply because if one winding fails to execute, the other two windings can nonetheless transport the full line voltage for the load. These transformers can deliver voltages and frequencies over long distances and produce an output of higher superiority.

On the other hand, you’ll find also a number of disadvantages of this sort of transformer. The transformer itself is basically composed of three single phase transformers with a special configuration and if a single of these transformers stores a pair of primary and secondary coils, the efficiency of the whole transformer will probably be affected, especially the current and voltage load. The configurations can also be very complex and difficult to comprehend; a large amount of time is needed to completely master the configurations. The electrical power ought to also be equivalent to the incoming electrical power to transform the electrical energy towards the desired voltage and frequency.

A 3 phase transformer is a great leap up from the conventional transformers used at home. In fact, it has enormously revolutionized power distribution and machinery operation with its different positive aspects.

Help Your Business Save Through Energy Efficiency Examples

The Pew Center for Global Climate Change highlights why firms need to be proactive when it comes to finding ways to become energy efficient and should not wait for any regulation that will be compelled by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). In a recent report, the Center has concluded that there are a number of attitudinal and reputational advantages for such initiatives that lead to financial benefits.

Companies should start to consider some examples of energy efficiency should they wish to find ways of improving their market position. According to Pew, those companies that strive to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions as a core part of the business strategy benefited in many different ways. So long as clear goals were established and the system was set up to collect data and manage the outcome, clear results could be demonstrated.

It is emphasized by the Pew Center for Global Climate Change that companies need to be proactive in seeking energy efficient practices, and need not wait for any EPA-imposed regulation to compel such. A recent report that was issued by the body offers a clearer picture. Companies which are studied by the Center has cited some important reputational, attitudinal, and financial benefits.

As energy use can account for one of the largest costs in a business operation, cost savings on energy consumption can be a very hot topic in the board rooms. Decision makers in various organizations are finding energy efficiency examples are realizing that targets that are easy to achieve would actually result to financial savings which might be difficult to duplicate anywhere else.

Organizations are now seeking options for energy efficiency like ceiling insulation, having efficient doors and windows, installation of motion detectors, upgrading of lighting systems, among other energy efficiency examples, as a way to help generate savings through power use reduction which consequently helps curtail carbon emissions and.

Those who are taking early actions in their commitment to energy efficiency could also help in leading to maintenance cost reductions. These improvements, if communicated well to staff, lead to an uptick in morale. In short, the organization wins all the way down the line and can maneuver itself into a position to enhance its reputation.

Building stock typically lasts for an average of fifty years and many companies find themselves occupying buildings that are far from efficient. The federal government is actually supportive of retrofitting of already existing assets and appliances by providing financial grants for such initiatives.

Companies must become more aware of the growing move toward carbon regulation. Carbon, being a byproduct of fossil fuel produced energy, is a direct contributor to global warming and the majority of scientists agree is responsible for accelerating climate change. By becoming more energy efficient, an organization can help to avoid any potential direct carbon taxation in the future.

There are many examples of energy efficiency in action and plenty of reasons for the typical organization to conform. Management must make sure that they are in possession of accurate and up-to-date information, generated in real-time, so that they can ensure that all assets are operating to peak efficiency, cutting back their raw energy costs to a minimum.

Effecting Greater Energy Efficiency

A recent paper by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy listed ten programs that spurred companies and customers to economize energy. The findings certainly show that behavioural programs can be astonishingly effective.

Improving energy efficiency is an important topic on the program of most organisations these days. The benefits are numerous, from lowering carbon footprint to the most outstanding of all cutting down on costs with energy. So million dollar question is: How to enhance business energy efficiency?

There are many ways to do so but this is not quite what I want to talk about in this column. I wont be recommending you change all the lights in your concern to LED lights, even though that is one the most cost effective ways to enhance your business’ energy efficiency.

In this paper I’d like to contest what is more effective consumer education or infrastructure updates. One could say that by bringing together both you could achieve greater results but that you will have to adjudge once you have finished reading this article.

Purchaser education has proven to be an effective way to better energy efficiency of households and businesses alike. When combined with programs that apply social science to energy conservation it can incite individuals to beat down consumption and make decisions that will enable their businesses to save as well.

Such programmes are an attractive way to reduce energy consumption since they have low upfront cost and require little change to existing business processes / lifestyles.

Nevertheless, simply relying on consumer/employee education might not be adequate. There is a real danger that energy efficiency gains seen from consumer/employee behaviour will go away over time.

That is when infrastructural upgrades come into the picture. Even though they require a greater upfront investment if evaluated properly and done right such upgrades could generate better benefits. The downside is that most of these benefits will only be noticed in the long term.

But there isn’t a better time to start upgrading your company with more energy efficient machinery. With many governments around the world creating funds to subsidise these changes. For instance here in the United kingdom the Government is creating the Green Investment Bank.

If you are unsure of which route to take in order to save energy. Why not ask for specialist help. Hire an energy consultant or an independent energy broker to inspect your premises and offer the best and most effective options for you company.

Supercharger Calculators Explained

The basics of supercharger calculators…

Supercharger calculators are based on several basic equations that govern the performance and the physical rules that bind superchargers. At the very heart of the matter, superchargers work on the Ideal Gas Law where PV = NRT Pressure x Volume = Number of gas molecules X a constant X temperature. What superchargers do, is that they feed the engine with more air molecules, by over feeding the engine with forced air. This air is forced into the engine due to the supercharger blowing more air into the engine inlet, than the engine would normally breathe under its own device. The result of this ‘forced induction’ can be observed and measured in one of two aspects: Pressure or Temperature. In an ideal world, with a supercharger that has perfect adiabatic efficiency, we are able to feed the engine twice as many air molecules (to double the horsepower figure), by doubling the inlet air pressure (to 2.0 atmosphere or what we call 15 pounds per square inch (PSI) of boost). In the real world, superchargers are not 100% efficient, and so it is possible that doubling the inlet boost pressure gives us less than double the horsepower due to the following:

P*V=n*R*T Pressure increases by a factor of 2 Volume is fixed Number of gas molecules increases by 80% (or a factor of 1.8) Temperature increases by a factor 11% (or a factor of 1.11) If we look at our equation above we can see: 2*P*V = 1.8*N*R* 1.11T The equation is balanced as 2.0X1 = 1.8 * 1.11 (the rise in pressure is equaled by the combined effect of the rise in airflow and the rise in temperature).

From here, we can also see that even at the same ‘boost’ level, that a more efficient supercharger can make more horsepower because more of the supercharger energy is translated into compression and airflow rather than in thermal rise… So, how do we bring these equations into the ‘real world’ in terms of horsepower and boost ? Let’s start with a 2.0 liter (volume), 140hp (air molecules) engine. Say we have a target of 280 horsepower. Our flow ratio will be related to the ratio of our target horsepower to our current horsepower…. Density ratio = 280/140 = 2.0 Density = mass / volume and since the volume of the engine is fixed at 2.0 liters, then we need to fit 2.0 times the air mass into the same volume. This means that we need to fit twice as many air molecules into the engine. Now let’s assume we have a supercharger that is 70% efficient. This means that to reach a density ratio of 2.0 , we need a pressure ratio: P = 2.0 / 0.70 = 2.85 A pressure ratio of 2.85 is equivalent 27 psi. If we look instead at the temperature rise… then T2/T1 = Pressure ratio / Density Ratio So the supercharger outlet temperatures T2 = Pressure ratio (P) / Density Ratio * T1 (where the temperature is in degrees Kelvin).

Assuming an inlet temperature of 80*F , we find the supercharger outlet temperature to be T2 = 309*F On thing to think about here is intercoolers or aftercoolers…. After coolers are radiators that wick heat away from the compressed air after it leaves the supercharger. The ideal intercooler dramatically cools the air temperature without drastically impeding the air flow path and so with having a minimal pressure drop. The intercooler increases horsepower in three ways:

1 – By cooling the air charge, the mixture’s density ratio increases at the same pressure ratio. 2 – The final temperature of the air fuel mixture entering the engine drops, which gives a more power efficient combustion process (as the output power of the combustion event is directly proportional to the difference between intake mixture temperatures and exhaust mixture temperatures). 3 – Lowering the final octane requirements of the mixture, allowing us to add more timing advance or more boost pressure, and make more horsepower within the same octane limitations.

With a good intercooler, we are able to lower the temperature of the air intake charge to within 30 degrees of the ambient air temperatures. At the same time an intercooler will only have a marginal 0.5 to 1.0 psi pressure drop across the core. Having these figures in mind, the combination of a Supercharger with an efficient intercooler gives us a system that has an adiabatic efficiency much closer to 100%, and this means that we are able to make double the horsepower of our original engine at around 18psi of boost (instead of 27 without the intercooler, and instead of 15 for an ‘ideal’ supercharger) if you care to go through the math behind this scenario.

Once you have your pressure ratio, your density ratio, your intercooler outlet temperatures and your overall horsepower and flow numbers, most supercharger calculators are then able to give you more detailed specs for your car’s buildup (such as exact supercharger gearing figures, and required intake and exhaust dimensions, as well as fuel pressure or fuel flow upgrade requirements). But at the heart of any supercharged or turbocharged vehicle, PV = nRT will always hold true. This is great information to know, because several people have chosen to try and sell water evacuation pumps typically used on boats as ‘electric’ superchargers for small displacement engines. It has been shown many times that by hooking up a boost gauge to the inlet of any of these ‘electrically supercharged’ engines that these bilge pumps do not have the flow or block off pressure capability to raise the inlet mixture’s boost pressure by any measurable amount. Pressure (as we’ve explained earlier) is not the only indication of forced induction… but with NO pressure rise at all, that means that the ‘electric’ supercharger has a 0% efficiency, which means that at best it will just heat up the inlet air and no excess air flow will be observed.